Corals may have teamed up with the microscopic algae which live inside them as much as 160 million years ago, according to new research.
Deep-sea corals and sponges are some of the oldest animals on Earth, living for hundreds of years at depths beyond direct human observation. Coral, sponge, and fish communities thrive in the cold, deep waters off California’s coast, but are rarely – if ever – visited or observed.
West Coast protects 140,000 square miles of ‘epic’ ocean habitat, in win-win for fishing and conservation
Treasure lies beneath the waves off Oregon’s coast. Forget gold and silver, these riches are a place called Daisy Bank. Colorful temperate corals rise from the seabed. Rockfish and shrimp shelter in giant sponges.
There are more than 500 known species of sharks the world — most of them you’ve probably never heard of. In fact, almost 16 percent of all sharks are threatened with extinction (ranked as Vulnerable or higher by the IUCN).